Trying to grow your own organic garden can be a daunting task for many new gardeners. Most people don’t know where to begin. When you’re trying to start a home garden you have limited resources to work with, so it can be very difficult to even think about planting anything other than traditional, non-organic vegetables. Here are some organic garden tips that will help get your gardening off to a good start.
You should realize right at the beginning that it is not possible to grow heirloom or organic seeds. Organic garden seeds can’t come from a farm that uses any chemically-grown pesticides or other unnatural methods. These practices are extremely expensive, take more work and time, and are usually only pursued by very small farms. If you want to try growing organically grown foods, you must buy them from someone who grows them organically.
Even though many home gardeners want to be organic, the lack of information makes it very difficult for them to do so. The only way to learn how to grow organically grown foods is to contact local organic farmers, and learn what they do to produce the quality food they sell. One of the best ways for home gardeners to start raising organic vegetables is to find local, holistic gardeners who grow all kinds of organic vegetables, fruits, herbs and flowers in their organic garden, and ask them how they get their food organic.
When organic garden seeds are bought from farmers, it is important to read the label of the seed, which will tell you whether the seed was originally grown organically or genetically modified. The majority of organic garden seeds sold today were originally grown organically – but there have been isolated cases in which genetically modified seeds have been used. It is best to avoid buying genetically modified seeds, because they will not have the same beneficial qualities as organic seeds. For example, if a farmer has sprayed his crops with a herbicide designed to kill off weeds, but has relied on organic garden seed companies to supply the next generation of healthy plants, the synthetic seeds will have exactly the same properties as the herbicide – they will simply be passed on to the next generation, instead of being passed on to us.
However, some organic garden seeds do come organically grown, but are not open pollinated seeds. These types are usually certified as being organically grown, but many consumers cannot afford to pay the extra cost of organic certification. Non-organic, or “open pollinated”, seeds are grown using the same techniques as organic garden seeds, but without the use of any chemicals.
Organic seeds are also available in non-organic forms. In order to gain the full benefits of the organic varieties, it is necessary to use non-organic seed plants. These types of plants can be crossbred to create new and improved varieties of food crops. Crossbreeding is a complex and expensive process that leave farmers with inferior seeds and high costs. But hybrid seed plants can produce crops that have the characteristics of both organic and non-organic seeds.
A third type of hybrid seeds are the fertilizers used to encourage growth in hybrid seed crops. The chemicals used to induce the development of the crossbred varieties of plants are actually the same chemicals used in growing traditional, organic varieties. And, since these hybrid seeds will be grown under unnatural conditions, the chemical ingredients in these fertilizers can cause the crops to be tainted and have less beneficial qualities than traditional, organically produced seeds. Even worse, the chemicals can become airborne and harm people, animals, and the environment.
If you want to avoid harmful effects from synthetic fertilizers, and buy garden seeds that have been crossbred for improved quality, you will need to crossbreed your own garden with those of a friend or relative. Crossbreeding does not take long and it is not expensive to do. You may be surprised at what you can produce if you combine the traits of two different species. Consider making a new type of hybrid tomato that is free from the harmful effects of chemical fertilizers. When you mix the best and the worst, you will create something wonderful.